By Jan Vincent Leuterio
Posted on July 12, 2020
DAVAO DEL NORTE, July 10 (PIA) – Local and national governments have taken steps to institutionalize the indigenous political structure (SPI) and strengthen the community economy as the main means of countering the insurgency.
During Pakigsayod: Serbisyo Alang sa Katawhang Pilipino on July 8, the Provincial Director of the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) Roger Lumbin and the Mandatory Indigenous Peoples Representative of Davao del Norte (IPMR), Datu Ariel Macla, addressed the The importance of empowering IPs in the fight against insurgency and the efforts of the national government towards it.
Roger Lumbin said the government is in the process of implementing the Certificate of Effective Land Occupancy for Migrants (CALOM).
“Kaning CALOM mao ni siya ang i-issue nga document sa mga non-IPs nga adunay real occupation sulod his ancestral domain before the passage of IPRA nga na pasa atong tuig 1997 (This CALOM is the document that will be issued to non-PAs who actually occupied the ancestral domain before the passage of IPRA [Indigenous Peoplesâ Rights Act] in 1997), âLumbin said.
Non-IPs or âmigrantsâ who have remained in ancestral domains from 1997 and before are those eligible for the issuance of the certificate, which will legitimize the ownership of the ancestral domains of migrants.
He also added that for the IPs themselves, there is the Certificate of Attribution of Ancestral Domain Lands (CADLA) that will be issued to them. Like CALOM, this document will legitimize the allocation of land between family heirlooms within the ancestral domain.
Davao del Norte IPMR Macla, agreed on the importance of these documents as they will prevent conflicts between IPs and migrants.
“Aron malikayan ang mga pag bikil sa mga IPs ug non-IPs dapat lang gyud nga naa tong insakto nga dokyumento which is katong CALOM ug CADLA nga ma issue sa matag-usa (in order to avoid conflicts between IPs and non- IP, you had to have the correct documents, which are CALOM and CADLA), âsaid Macla.
However, the issuance of these documents to the respective groups legitimizing their sense of ownership comes with the responsibility for them to develop their land.
In this regard, Lumbin explained the benefits of declaring Integrated Ancestral Domain Areas (IADA) covering a maximum of 10 hectares and Ancestral Domain Development Areas (ADDA) for large parcels of ancestral lands.
However, he said the development of IADAs and ADDAs can be best achieved through a convergence approach to help IP communities achieve the productivity of their land as well as partnership with the private sectors.
In addition, Lumbin added that a “massive IEC (Communication and Information Education) campaign” must be carried out in coordination with local government units (LGUs) to enable intellectual property leaders to exercise governance with confidence and productively develop their land as a result of relevant documents.
These initiatives were in support of Executive Decree No. 70 which aims to achieve inclusive development and lasting peace in the community. (Jan Vincent Leuterio, PIA-XI)